SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION & HIV/AIDS SURVEILLANCE
- CDC STD Prevention
- Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) STD Statistics
- Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) A-Z Topic List
- Public Health Laws and Rules in Illinois
- Target Audience: Sexually active adults and adolescents
- Eligibility or Criteria: Madison County residents
- For more information, call (618) 692-8954 ext. 2 OR
Madison County Health Department receives reports on all positive tests for chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, HIV and AIDS. It is the responsibility of the nurse to make sure the patient knows of their diagnosis and is treated appropriately for the disease. The nurse also assists the patient with notifying all sexual partners and makes referrals for partner testing and treatment. An essential component of STD surveillance is educating each patient about how the disease is spread and how to reduce the risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease. Educating the community and at-risk populations about sexually transmitted diseases is an ongoing project.
The nurse is responsible for reporting all sexually transmitted diseases and the documented treatment for the diseases to the Illinois Department of Public Health. Madison County Health Department began STD surveillance in 1997.
Early detection of a sexually transmitted disease and getting appropriate treatment reduces the risk of complications, including pelvic inflammatory disease, epididymitis, and infertility. Reducing the spread of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS can be accomplished by educating individuals and communities about the etiology and epidemiology of these diseases. The data collected provides useful information to public health agencies about where to direct prevention and screening services.